João Raphael da Silva


João Raphael da Silva


English / Português

João Raphael da Silva


Brazilian Ph.D. Researcher and Teaching Assistant at Ulster University’s School of Applied Social and Policy Sciences (Belfast, Northern Ireland/U.K.). I am a Visiting Lecturer at the University of Roehampton’s School of Humanities and Social Sciences (London, England/U.K.).Currently, I am researching on the Project Responding to Extremism: Examining the Criminal Justice Response.I hold an M.A. in International Relations from Central European University (Hungary). I had my thesis - The Eco-Terrorist Wave (2020) - published by the journal Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. Following my Master's Degree, while I was collaborating with the Austrian Institute for European and Security Policy (Austria) through the Erasmus+ Mobility Program, I wrote 'Jihadist Terrorism' and EU Responses: Current and Future Challenges. I also collaborated with the Institute of International Relations Prague (Czech Republic).In Brazil, I have written op-eds on International Relations-related themes (e.g., Terrorism, Brazilian Domestic-Foreign Policy) for The Intercept Brasil and the leading Brazilian newspaper, Folha de São Paulo.I am available to be contacted through e-mail – daSilva-JR@ulster.ac.uk – or through Contact.


English / Português

João Raphael da Silva


Natural de São Gonçalo/RJ, Doutorando na Escola de Ciências Sociais e Políticas Aplicadas da Ulster University (Belfast, Irlanda do Norte/Reino Unido). Sou Professor Visitante na Escola de Humanidades e Ciências Sociais da University of Roehampton (Londres, Inglaterra/Reino Unido).Minha pesquisa se chama Respondendo ao Extremismo: Examinando a Resposta da Justiça Criminal.Sou Mestre em Relações Internacionais pela Central European University (Hungria). Tive a minha dissertação - The Eco-Terrorist Wave (2020) - publicada na revista Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. Após o Mestrado, através do Eramus+ Mobility Program, pude colaborar com o Austrian Institute for European and Security Policy (Áustria). Essa colaboração culminou na publicação de ‘Jihadist Terrorism’ and EU Responses: Current and Future Challenges (2017). Também pude colaborar com o Institute of International Relations Prague (República Tcheca).No Brasil, tive textos publicados na Folha de São Paulo e no The Intercept Brasil.Estou disponível para contato através do meu e-mail – daSilva-JR@ulster.ac.uk – ou em Contato.


English / Português

Under ConstructionCV


English / Português

Em ConstruçãoCurrículo


English / Português

Research

Peer-Reviewed Publications:

  • João Raphael da Silva (2020) The Eco-Terrorist Wave, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 12:3, 203-216.

Other Publications:


English / Português

Pesquisa

Publicações Peer-Reviewed:

  • João Raphael da Silva (2020) The Eco-Terrorist Wave, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 12:3, 203-216.

Outras Publicações:


English / Português

Teaching

2021/2022: Visiting Lecturer - University of Roehampton

  • Media Representations of Crime (CRM020N130S)

  • Environmental Crime, Justice and Politics (CRM020L415S)

2021/2022: Teaching Assistant - Ulster University

  • Introduction to Crime and Deviance (PUP119)

  • Crime and Criminal Justice (PUP120)

  • State Crime (PUP305)

2020/2021: Teaching Assistant - Ulster University

  • Introduction to Crime and Deviance (PUP119)

  • Crime and Criminal Justice (PUP120)

  • Foundations of Political Thought (POL109)

2019/2020: Teaching Assistant - Ulster University

  • Introduction to Crime and Deviance (PUP119)

  • Crime and Criminal Justice (PUP120)


English / Português

Ensino

2021/2022: Professor Visitante - University of Roehampton

  • Representações Midiáticas do Crime (CRM020N130S)

  • Justiça Ambiental, Crime e Política (CRM020L415S)

2021/2022: Assistente de Ensino - Ulster University

  • Introdução ao Crime e Desvio (PUP119)

  • Crime e Justiça Criminal (PUP120)

  • Crime de Estado (PUP305)

2020/2021: Assistente de Ensino - Ulster University

  • Introdução ao Crime e Desvio (PUP119)

  • Crime e Justiça Criminal (PUP120)

  • Fundamentos do Pensamento Político (POL109)

2019/2020: Assistente de Ensino - Ulster University

  • Introdução ao Crime e Desvio (PUP119)

  • Crime e Justiça Criminal (PUP120)


English / Português

Media

Op-Eds:

Where will the New War on Terror be? (2021) - Folha de São Paulo.


Lectures and Debates:

Perspectivas geopolíticas e de direitos humanos no Afeganistão (2021) - Instituto para Reforma das Relações entre Estado e Empresa.

As Definições de Terrorismo (2021) - Canal no Youtube Em Dupla com Consulta


Curatorship and Moderation - Diplomacy for Democracy Institute:


Other Media Appearances - Interviews (Crowdfunding - 2016):


Mídia

English / Português

Artigos de Opinião:

Onde será a próxima guerra ao terror? (2021) - Folha de São Paulo.


Palestras e Debates:

Perspectivas geopolíticas e de direitos humanos no Afeganistão (2021) - Instituto para Reforma das Relações entre Estado e Empresa.

As Definições de Terrorismo (2021) - Canal no Youtube Em Dupla com Consulta


Curadoria e Moderação - Instituto Diplomacia para Democracia:


Outras Aparições Midiáticas - Entrevistas (Financiamento Coletivo - 2016):


English / Português

Contact


English / Português

Contato


English / Português

Where will the New War on Terror be? *

By João Raphael da Silva**

On 9/11, al-Qaida, led by Osama bin Laden, conducted a series of terrorist attacks on the United States. There was no precedent for the number of victims, some 2,977 people, nor for the American government’s response.

Speaking to Congress, President George W. Bush promised to find, neutralize and defeat any and all “terrorist groups of global reach,” starting with al-Qaida. This is how Afghanistan entered the picture as part of the War on Terror.

The Taliban had governed Afghanistan since 1996. Domestically, the group had vied for power with the Northern Alliance, then led by Ahmad Shah Massoud. Two days before Sept. 11, al-Qaida assassinated Massoud. For the U.S. government, there was no doubt that the Taliban were sheltering bin Laden and al-Qaida. A few weeks after 9/11, Americans and their allies, along with the Northern Alliance, ousted the Taliban.Ten years later, President Barack Obama announced that the U.S. had located bin Laden in Abbottabad, Pakistan. Bin Laden died after an exchange of fire with U.S. Navy soldiers in an operation to capture him. However, the war in Afghanistan continued for another decade.

We are still revising the balance sheet in the conflict. The Taliban, with whom former President Donald Trump reached an agreement for the U.S. to leave Afghanistan, have returned to power. Organizations like al-Qaida which, according to the U.N., continue to be connected with the Taliban, will probably use images of Kabul airport in its propaganda. The Islamic State adds fighters to its ranks who threaten any current possibility of geopolitical stability in the region. However, for President Joe Biden, the U.S. has “achieved [its] objectives” with the war in Afghanistan: preventing a terrorist attack on American soil. He neglected to mention, however, the growth of terrorism from the extreme right in the U.S.

We understand this terrorism of the extreme right as the threat or use of violence based on a spate of discrimination, prejudice and hatred, including, for example, racism, sexism, LGPTQIAP phobia or one of the major consequences of the War on Terror, Islamophobia.The Center for Strategic and International Studies, considered the best think tank in the U.S. and internationally, conducted a study of terrorist attacks that occurred on American territory between 1994 and 2020. According to CSIS, about 57% of the incidents could be categorized as terrorism by the extreme right.

For example, in 1995, Timothy McVeigh detonated a vehicle full of explosives next to the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. The bombing killed 168 people. In 2015, Dylann Storm Roof shot his way into the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina, massacring nine people. Given the cases of McVeigh and Roof, there are those who warn that the “next 9/11” will have its origin among the American extreme right.

But there is least one major obstacle in fighting the terrorism of the extreme right. Former FBI agent Michael German wrote a report titled “Hidden in Plain Sight: Racism, White Supremacy and Far-Right Militancy in Law Enforcement” in which he detailed the activities of extremists who worked as law enforcement officers. Examples include cases involving Ku Klux Klan sympathizers. Should it occur, the war on terror of the extreme right, beyond just fighting for human rights and avoiding a repeat of the abuses at Guantanamo prison and elsewhere, will need to start at police stations.

* Original (In Portuguese): Onde será a próxima Guerra ao Terror? (2021) for Folha de São Paulo.

** Translated by Jane Dorwart and edited by Helaine Schweitzer for WatchingAmerica.